1. IS URBAN SPRAWL considered as a threat in Kuala Lumpur Municipality? analysis result 87.5%
2. ARE THERE DEDICATED national/regional/local measures to limit urban sprawl in KL? analysis result 12.5%
3. URBAN SPRAWL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS - Loss of environmental resources.
a. Loss of soil biodiversity - Ranking 1
b. Hydrological impairment of small watershed - Ranking 2
c. Loss of soil permeability - Ranking 3
d. Consumption of land and soil - Ranking 4
e. Consumption of concrete and other building materials - Ranking 5
f. Over extraction of gravel from river beds or ridges - Ranking 6
4. URBAN SPRAWL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS - Efficiency of compact urban areas vs. sprawled areas.
a. Growth in CO2 emissions - Ranking 1
b. Growing consumption of energy - Ranking 2
c. Increase in travel related energy consumption - Ranking 3
d. Growing consumption of water - Ranking 4
5. URBAN SPRAWL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS - Natural, protected areas and rural environments.
a. Loss of best agricultural land - Ranking 1
b. Increase in soil erosion in remote areas - Ranking 2
c. More noise in urban fringe areas - Ranking 3
d. Loss of natural habitats - Ranking 4
e. Increase in the use of water and fertiliser in less productive areas - Ranking 5
6. URBAN SPRAWL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS - The quality of urban life and health.
a. Traffic congestion - Ranking 1
b. Increase in air pollution - Ranking 2
c. High noise level - Ranking 3
d. Insufficient public transport network due to expanding urban area - Ranking 4
e. Vulnerability of suburbs to major geo-hazards (fast floods, land subsidence, landslides) - Ranking 5
f. Increase in respiratory problems (such as asthma) - Ranking 6
g. Vulnerability of suburbs to minor geo-hazards - Ranking 7
7. URBAN SPRAWL SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS - Social impacts.
a. Less social interaction - Ranking 1
b. Exacerbation of social and economic division - Ranking 2
c. Concentration of poor quality neighbourhoods in the inner city - Ranking 3
e. Segregation of residential areas - Ranking 4
8. URBAN SPRAWL SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS - Economic impacts.
a. Additional costs of the extension of urban infrastructures including utilities and related services, across the urban region - Ranking 1
b. Increased household expenditure on commuting from home to work over longer and longer distances - Ranking 2
c. Cost of the congestion for business in sprawled urban areas with inefficient transportation systems - Ranking 3
d. Suboptimal use of abandoned industrial areas (brownfields) - Ranking 4
e. No savings in provision of water and sewage facilities - Ranking 5
9. LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS RESPONSES / MEASURES TO URBAN SPRAWL.
a. Policies for avoiding the use of greenfield sites and complementary urban containment policies - Ranking 1
b. Policies for the re-use of derelict brownfield sites and renovation of public spaces to assist in the creation of more compact urban forms - Ranking 2
c. Development of long term integrated plans promoting sustainable development and the limitation of urban sprawl - Ranking 3
d. Identification of the key partners including the private sector and community, as well as local, regional and national government and their mobilisation in the planning, implementation and evaluation of urban development - Ranking 4
e. Management of the urban-rural interactions via cooperation and coordination between urban authorities and rural and regional authorities in promoting sustainable development - Ranking 5
10. ANY FURTHER PROPOSALS TO HELP COMBATING URBAN SPRAWL?
- Urban Growth Boundary
- Proper Planning for Infill Development
- Conservation and Preservation Urban Fringe Area
- Upgrading Traditional Settlement
- Develope Transit Village, Suburban Compact Settlement
- More Development Control Measures
- Regionalism of Local Area
Any Comment?...Idea-Idea bernas?.